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Excerpts from

VOLUME 77, NO. 1—January, February, March 2013


21 pages, 51 photos

P. armeniacum ‘Wössen’.

Paphiopedilum armeniacum S.C. CHEN &
Whenever new species of the genus Paphiopedilum are discovered,the hybridizer hopes to develop new and interesting hybrids.
In the past 30 years, some very attractive
new species were discovered in China; this latest history of the genus Paphiopedilum
began in 1979...


4 pages, 7 image

Dendrobium limpidum,
plant from which the type specimen was harvested.
Dead leave ssimply fall off.
Cultivated at the Hortus Botanicus, Leiden.
©Edde Vogel

The huge and mountainous island of New Guinea is home to a remarkable number of species of the genus Dendrobium Sw., about 560 at the latest count (Schuiteman 2013). Many are popular in cultivation, especially those that combine brilliantly colored flowers with a compact habit. Two species in this category that are not only popular but also frequently confused are D. dichaeoides Schltr. and D. limpidum Schuit. & de Vogel. The first was described by Rudolf Schlechter in 1912, who named the species after the striking resemblance in habit between this Dendrobium and certain species of the neotropical orchid genus Dichaea Lindl. The second was described in 2003 by Ed de Vogel and me, although specimens of this species had already been collected as long ago as 1935 by C. E. Carr and preserved in various herbaria, (mis)identified as D. dichaeoides. We chose the specific epithet limpidum, from the Latin word for “clear,” for the clear color of the flowers as well as the clear difference between it and D. dichaeoides...

Liars and Cheats: The Story of Orchid Deception
Carol Siegel
15 pages, 25 photos

Corybas fordhamii has dark-colored flower heads borne near ground level,
mimicking the fruiting bodies
of mushrooms.
©Ron Parsons

We humans are no strangers to deception. Psychologists say we start lying when we are two years old and lie every hour or two after that for the rest of our lives. Some deception is rather innocent. We dye our hair, wear padded bras, or take twenty pounds off our weight on our driver’s licenses. We slip in false teeth, make our resumes look more glorious, or pretend we like a friend’s awful haircut. Other deception is less innocent. We cheat on our taxes, step out on our mates, or fool nice people out of millions like Bernie Madoff. We are often not exactly what we pretend to be...