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Excerpts from

VOLUME 81, NO. 2—April, May, June 2017


Calling all Paphiophiles
Harold Koopowitz
2 page, 6 photos

Paph. sukhakulii, Tokyo Orchids’ black strain.
©Harold Koopowitz

The 2017 Paph Guild meeting in Santa Barbara
was a great success. Speakers were well prepared
and informative, and we had nice flower
displays. Please see the article by Tim Culbertson for more detail on the Paph Guild elsewhere in this issue. There was AOS judging before the meeting, and a number of awards were given to deserving flowers.

Among the amazing flowers on display at the meeting was one brought in by Michael Ault. It is Paphiopedilum Roths Knight originally made at the Orchid Zone nursery of the cross Paph. Mystic Night by Paph. rothchildianum. The flower was an imposing single white flower with a pouch shaded brown towards its tip. An array of dotted lines made stripes on both the dorsal sepal and the petals. Considering the cross, this was about as good as one might expect. I have been told that others from the cross have flowered out with two flowers on the spike. Must be stunning!

Now the Guild is gearing into action for the 2018 Second World Slipper Orchid Meeting in Hilo, Hawaii, next January on Martin Luther King weekend (January 13-15, 2018). A new venue has been selected that offers rooms at a special discounted rate which can be extended before and after the conference, so one might consider bringing the family along for a vacation. The organizing committee just visited Hilo to negotiate with the hotel and took the opportunity to visit several of the local plant nurseries in the area....


The Amazing Tale of the Glorious Veitch Nursery
Carol Siegel
20 pages, 39 photos

Rhynchostele ureskinneri
©Ron Parsons, Grown by Bob Hamilton

Long lines snake out of Apple’s brick and mortar stores, even in freezing weather, as eager customers wait to buy all that is new and thrilling in technology. People feel they can’t live without Apple’s new products and willingly pay exorbitant prices for cutting edge iPhones, MAC computers, iPads, and Apple watches. Stock gurus predict that Apple stock will rise by as much as 30% this year. Apple is the most successful company in technology, the most successful company in the world, and arguably the most successful company in the history of companies.

In the 19th century, the Veitch nurseries were the Apple stores of their time. In a way, that is hard for us to understand today. England, and much of the world as well, was gripped with a mania for plants and gardens. Victorian consumers flocked to nurseries and gardens to ogle all the strange new plants flooding in as exploration opened new and exciting green corners of the world. They willingly paid exorbitant prices for strange and unusual new plants. The Duke of Devonshire is said to have paid the equivalent of $10,000 in today’s money for one Oncidium (now Psychopsis) papilio plant. The Veitch nurseries became very rich and successful, satisfying their customers with the best plants on earth and the most excellent service. Gardeners in morning coats and white gloves hovered over customers to make  sure every question was answered and every whim fulfilled. Over more than 100 years and five generations of Veitch leadership, Veitch became the most admired name in horticulture and the most successful company of its time...

In Memoriam:
The Passing of Le Roi des Orchidées, Marcel Lecoufle

Olaf Gruss
Translation by Judith Rapacz
2 pages, 3 photos

Marcel Lecoufle

On October 24, 2016, one of the grand old men of the European orchid world celebrated his 103rd birthday. On Tuesday, December 13, 2016, he died in Paris.

For many years, Marcel Lecoufle was present at every exhibition and show in Europe as well as around the world. He represented his orchid nursery and lectured about his beloved orchids from Madagascar. He impressed visitors with his three-dimensional presentations of orchids and their habitat...

Reintroducing Orchids To An Andean Forest
Garupamba, Azuay, Ecuador
Monica Pozo
8 pages, 26 photos

Cyrtochilum macranthum

It was because of my father that we have this vision. My father, 80-year-old Alfonso Pozo (orchid grower and collector for almost 50 years), asked me to seriously consider reintroducing to nature his collection of cold climate orchids. My husband and I have owned for years the property, Garupamba West. It is an hour and fifteen minutes south of the city of Cuenca, Ecuador, where my father lives. He can keep an eye on the readjustment of his “spoiled” orchids, with hopes that “they will survive me, and even you.” At his behest, we started to systematically reintroduce orchids to the Andean forest, which we see as our duty to family, society, and the world.

My father says, “There is more assurance that my plants can live in Garupamba West’s forest rather than another person potting them and having them die without the proper atmospheric conditions they need.”

We began the reintroduction of orchids including Oncidium hallii, Maxillaria grandiflora, Caucaea phalaenopsis, Brassia pozoi, and Epidendrum secundum. With a lot of work and, not without some difficulties,we prepared spots for them using materials from the area: semi-rottenlogs, roots found in the roadside in whimsical shapes, dead leaves,humus, and moss. The orchids soon developed vigorous roots and hadexcellent blooms in a short time. The maintenance and orchid plantingdemand resources, skilled labor, dedication, plans, and resourcefulpeople, to carry out our mission...


The 22nd World Orchid Conference
Sandra Tillisch Svoboda
4 pages, 12photos

Statue at entrance to the Botanic Garden in Guayaquil.
©Sandra Tillisch Svoboda

The time is fast approaching when we urge you to pack your bags and head to Ecuador for the 22nd World Orchid Conference, November 7 – 12, 2017. WOC22 will be held in Guayaquil, Ecuador. Although small in size, Ecuador is one of the most diverse countries on the planet. Located on the equator in northwestern South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean to the west, Colombia to the north and Perú to the south and east, Ecuador has four geographical regions. The Coast is located west of the Andes and has five ecosystems: 1) northern tropical rainforests, 2) central and southwest tropical savannas, 3) dry forests, 4) mangroves, and 5) beaches. This region is known for the history of the pre-Columbian cultures, and, of course, so many different orchids found in all the ecosystems. Another region is found in the Andes. Quito, a World Heritage city since 1978, is the historic center of this region. The Andes are known for their impressive mountains with snowy peaks and volcanoes. The third region, and the largest, is the Amazon rainforest with more than nine reserves and national parks. And the last, and perhaps the most well-known, are the Galápagos. Darwin’s discoveries here led to his theory of evolution. Visiting these islands is a unique experience and should be on everyone’s bucket list of places to see. They are a Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO. Where else can you see sea lions, penguins, marine iguanas, giant tortoises, flamingoes, blue-footed boobies, and Darwin’s finches? And all in one place! There are orchids there as well—inland on Isabela Island you will find Epidendrum spicatum, Ionopsis utricularioides, and Habenaria monorrhiza...


Doi Inthanon at the Edge of the Himalayas
Harold Koopow itz and Steve Hampson
3 pages, 8 photos

Oberonia acaulis var. acaulis
©Steve Hampson, ©Harold Koopowitz

Doi Inthanon is the tallest mountain in Thailand and represents the eastern edge of the Himalayan range. The peak reaches 2,565 meters or 8,415 feet and winter temperatures can reach below freezing albeit for short periods of time. The mountain peak supports cloud forest and appears to be perpetually damp. There is easy access with a popular walking trail that can take one to the very top of the mountain. The mountain is contained within the Doi Inthanon National Park that covers some 482 square kilometers (230 square miles) and is a refuge for all kinds of wildlife. The mountain and park are named for the last king of Chiang Mai who died in 1897. His name was King Inthawitchayanon (abbreviated to Inthanon) and his ashes are interred in a stupa at the summit. He was instrumental in setting up the park and his name is commemorated in both the doi (Thai for mountain) and the national park. We were invited to make a quick trip to the park in November of 2016, hoping to see pleiones in flower and this is a very brief report on that trip. It is remarkably rich in both animal and plant biodiversity, with over 1,200 plant species of which, at least, 90 are orchids. Among animals, the park is said to be the end point of the range of the Himalayan Sun Bear a small but very intelligent bear. Elephants and tigers, used to, but no longer exist within the park. The Park is renowned for its bird and reptile life....

Orchid Micropropagation at King Charles I School
Philip Seaton
5 pages, 8 photos

Seed sowing by students Heidi Pratt and Paige Marshall.
©Phil Seaton

In an increasingly urbanized world, young people have much less contact with the natural
environment than a generation or so ago. And yet it seems to me that, unless we instill in students a love for the living world and teach them about the importance of biodiversity and conservation, much of our effort to preserve orchid biodiversity for the future could be in vain. Target 14 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation recognizes the importance of education, states that every child should be aware of biodiversity and the importance of its conservation, and that this needs to become embedded in school syllabuses (https://www.cbd.int/gspc/targets.shtml). The orchid project at King Charles 1 School in Kidderminster, UK, demonstrates one way in which this goal can be achieved in an educational setting, with multiple links to examination and non-examination work. Students have the opportunity to learn additional laboratory skills, to develop individual scientific projects and to participate in practical orchid conservation activities...

Paphiopedilum Guild Meeting
Tim Culbertson
Based on an article published in the CSA Journal, March 2017 Vol. 17 no.2
5 pages, 8 photos

Paph. Roths Knight
(Mystic Knight (Elfstone × White Knight) × rothschildianum,
begging the question why are roth × complex crosses
so few and far between.
©Tim Culbertson

It was my great pleasure to attend the 61st Paphiopedilum Guild meeting, at the Hyatt Santa Barbara, January 14th and 15th. This annual meeting of paphiophiles, from all over the US and the world, brings excellent speakers, example plants, and vendors together for a memorable weekend. I packed my van full of display plants and looked forward to an outstanding weekend.

A total of about 100 display plants were brought in by eight registrants. Every year I wish there were more, especially from locals! Ventura native AOS and CSA judge Jim Sloniker brought in a display featuring four baskets of plants. Of particular note in his display was a pure green Paph. Lunar Maria, a cross of Emerald Moon × Emerald Sea. This seems to reflect the trend in paph breeding: pure green-yellow without white in the dorsal. Other examples included in Jim’s display: from the Orchid Zone, was an unregistered cross of (Paph. Emerald Lake × Paph. Pacific Shamrock) and, from Taiwan, Paph. Cocoa Lovely (Olympian Yard × Maiden Paradise). Also in Jim’s display were two plants of the unregistered cross of (Paph. Sunshine Coast × Gege Hughes), with beautiful color and form. Gege Hughes (Hellas × Halo) makes such nicely-formed hybrids; to see this combination with the beautiful colors of Willowsheen ‘Lorien’ (Miriam Sacher × Sunwillow) FCC/AOS coming through from the Sunshine Coast parent was exciting to see....